2018年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(卷二)

来源:233网校 2018年6月19日

  2018年6月英语四级考试真题(卷二)

  PartⅠ Writing

  1.【题干】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of writing ability and how to develop it. 120-180 words.

  【答案】Writing is a skill tested in all major standardized educational tests, including CET-4/6, TOEFL, IELTS, and so on. But there has been no shortage of reports from different sources that a large proportion of students, especially college students, have ill-performed writing skills, earning relatively low scores in tests as well as on school assignments.

  In my opinion, writing is a crucial skill for students. It is a reliable way by which one impart knowledge, suggest plans, fight for one’s idea, refute a theory, and many other purposes. So if you are good at writing, then you are able to fulfill the tasks above mentioned more effectively. Besides, noted writes, be they novelists, poets or editors-in-chief enlighten every generation of readers with new experiences. That’s why readers today still discuss on and share their opinions on great books such as A Dream in Red Mansions.

  In a nutshell, few skills are more important than writing in the current society. So my suggest would be that every one, college students particular, takes time to hone writing skills, get more practice in it, so that we can live up to the social expectation of becoming socialist successors.

  【解析】

  【考点】

  PartⅢ Reading Section C

  Passage One

  Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people's mental well-being, a study has suggested. UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or promotions, which only provided a short-term boost. Co-author Mathew White, from the European Centre for Environment and Human Health at the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety. "There could be a number of reasons,” he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier: they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married. But the trouble with all those things is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original baseline levels of well-being. So, these things are not sustainable; they don’t make us happy in the long term. We found that for some lottery(彩票)winners who had won more than£500,000 the positive effect was definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to the baseline."

  Dr. White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas had a lasting positive effect on people's sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time. To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by the University of Essex.

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: "What you see is that even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike many of the other things that we think will make us happy." He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less stressed people made more sensible decisions and communicated better.

  46.【题干】According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?

  【选项】

  A.Improve their work efficiency.

  B.Add to their sustained happiness.

  C.Help them build a positive attitude towards life.

  D.Lessen their concerns about material well-being.

  【答案】B

  【解析】

  【考点】

  47.【题干】What does Dr. White say people usually do to make themselves happier?

  【选项】

  A.Earn more money.

  B.Gain fame and popularity.

  C.Settle in an urban area.

  D.Live in a green environment.

  【答案】A

  【解析】

  【考点】

  48.【题干】What does Dr. White try to find out about living in a greener urban area?

  【选项】

  A.How it affects different people.

  B.How strong its effect is.

  C.How long its positive effect lasts.

  D.How it benefits physically

  【答案】C

  【解析】

  【考点】

  49.【题干】What did Dr. White research reveal about people living in a green environment?

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