2018年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(卷一)

来源:233网校 2018年6月19日

  2018年6月英语四级考试真题(卷一)

  PartⅠ Writing

  1.【题干】Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of speaking ability and how to develop it. 120-180 words.

  【答案】With our society becoming increasingly open and diversified, the speaking ability is of growing importance in our life and work. In the past, people who were not eloquent could become successful when they were diligent enough. However, now, speaking ability can make a person stand out much quicker in their workplace and social life.

  The reasons why speaking ability is so important are as follows. To begin with, people of excellent speaking ability are generally more charming and approachable because they tend to be more friendly and frank. Besides, every walk of life has become more cooperative; therefore, more communicative people have higher working efficiency. For example, my brother used to be a quiet person. Two years ago, I was told that he was fired by his company because he could not get along with his colleagues. After that, he attended a speaking training class and spent a year in improving his eloquence. Now, he has become more confident and found a new job with generous salary.

  In order to develop speaking ability, listening to good speeches and famous talk shows can help us imitate great lecturers’ style of speaking and ways of expressing themselves. Meanwhile, it is about time that we spent more time with our friends rather than with our phones, sharing with them our real feelings and thoughts.

  【解析】

  【考点】

  PartⅢ Reading Section A

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog. Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of _____(26). Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾). Nor is the state's bad air_____(27). To its south. Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution. Resident's hearts and lungs are affected as a_____(28).

  All of which, combined with California's reputation as the home of technological_____(29), makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in_____(30). And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months. It has been trying out monitoring that are_____(31) to yield minute-to-minute maps of_____(32) air pollution. Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices.

  To this end, Aclima has been_____(33) with Google's Street View system. Davida Herzl, Aclima's boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco's transit workers went on strike and the city's_____(34) were forced to use their cars. Conversely, "cycle to word" days have done their job by_____(35) pollution lows.

  26.【题干】_____.

  【选项】

  A.assisted

  B.collaborating

  C.consequence

  D.consumers

  E.creating

  F.detail

  G.domestic

  H.frequently

  I.inhabitants

  J.innovation

  K.intended

  L.outdoor

  M.pollutants

  N.restricted

  O.sum

  【答案】M

  【解析】Los Angeles受污染最严重,介词后面加名词。

  【考点】

  27.【题干】_____.

  【选项】

  A.assisted

  B.collaborating

  C.consequence

  D.consumers

  E.creating

  F.detail

  G.domestic

  H.frequently

  I.inhabitants

  J.innovation

  K.intended

  L.outdoor

  M.pollutants

  N.restricted

  O.sum

  【答案】N

  【解析】污染不局限在南部,中部也受污染,所以选restricted。

  【考点】

  28.【题干】_____.

  【选项】

  A.assisted

  B.collaborating

  C.consequence

  D.consumers

  E.creating

  F.detail

  G.domestic

  H.frequently

  I.inhabitants

  J.innovation

  K.intended

  L.outdoor

  M.pollutants

  N.restricted

  O.sum

  【答案】C

  【解析】固定搭配as a consequence。

  【考点】

  29.【题干】_____.

  【选项】

  A.assisted

  B.collaborating

  C.consequence

  D.consumers

  E.creating

  F.detail

  G.domestic

  H.frequently

  I.inhabitants

  J.innovation

  K.intended

  L.outdoor

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