2018年6月大学英语四级模拟试题及答案(四)

来源:233网校 2018年4月24日

  PartⅠ Writing (答题时间30分钟)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic “Advertising”. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.

  1. 广告的目的。

  2. 为什么要做广告。

  3. 厂商做广告的真实原因。

  You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  PartⅡ listening comprehension

  Section A (three news reports)略

  Section B (two long conversations)略

  Section C (three passages)略

  PartⅢ reading comprehension(答题时间共40分钟)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one wordfor each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank isidentified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in thebank more than once.

  Questions 26 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go fuller.The way you go about purchasing an article or a service can actually 26  you money or can add to the cost.Take the 27  example of a hairdryer, If you are buying a hairdryer,you might think that you are making the 28  buy if you choose one whose look you like and which is also the cheapest 29  price.But when you get it home you may find that it takes twice as long as a more expensive 30  to dry your hair.The cost of the electricity plus the cost of your time could well make your hairdryer the most expensive one of all.

  So what principles should you 31  when you go out shopping? If you keep your home.your car or any valuable 32  in excellent condition,you’11 be saving money in the long run.Before you buy a new 33  ,talk to someone who owns one.If you can.use it or borrow it to check it suits your particular purpose.Before you buy an expensive 34   ,or a service,do check the price and what is on offer.If possible.choose 35 three items or three estimates.

  A) possession

  B)save

  C)best

  D)appliance

  E)material

  F) from

  G)simple

  H)with

  I)in

  J)element

  K) model

  L)item

  M)easy

  N)adopt

  O)reasonable

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Eachstatement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

  Deborah Kenny's "Born to Rise" Tells Story of Harlem Village Academies

  A) Deborah Kenny, CEO of the Harlem Village Academies, is frustrated with the nation's current education system. Unlike most, though, she decided to do something about it. Part declaration part record, her book Born to Rise writes down her journey toward creating and running her own system of progressive charter schools in Harlem in New York City.

  What is your educational philosophy?

  B) We want our students to receive the same high-quality education as students who are privileged to attend the best private schools in the country. Personally, I believe a progressive education is superior as long as it's delivered by really smart, talented teachers who know how to execute well. It's a sophisticated approach that really only works well in the hands of a  really sophisticated educator. We're dealing with a little bit of a challenge because students enter this school from the regular public system. And when they enter in fifth grade, they're not yet well-trained in the basics reading, writing, and math--which means that we have to catch them up on basic math skills, on the 'basics of writing. And many of them come in at a kindergarten, first, second-grade level in reading. So we have to accelerate their mastery of the basics, but we reject the idea that if you do that you can't teach that at a high level. We push ourselves constantly to think about how we can make sure that our students will catch up while we teach at the highest possible level. It means asking difficult, delicate questions, not accepting an answer that is not backed up by evidence, the kinds of things that you would expect to see in the best private schools. We aim for a high level in rich discussions where the students are asked to analyze a challenging text and where the teacher does not accept just any answer simply because the student is behaving. What makes the Harlem Village Academies different?

  C) First of all, I have to say what we have in common with other charter schools because we have learned so much from them: creating an expectation that all students will attend college, naming classrooms after colleges, the longer school day, the longer school year. I feel it's important to give credit where credit is due because I learned from them. In those early years when I opened the school, most of these other schools bad been around for seven years, ten years, some of them even longer.

  D ) As far as what makes us different, I'll tell you what the teachers say: teachers tell us that the level of professionalism and passion for teaching at a high level and teaching above the test, not to the test, and working in an environment, where everybody is trusted to do their job and continually learning--there's this incredible culture of learning. There's this incredible workplace culture where the adults are continually becoming better and learning more about how to become a better lead her. The teachers get to make all of the decisions 'about their own professional development rather than being enforced to at tend the training. They are treated like professional-grade' doctors and lawyers at the. Highest level. They actually make the decisions not only about what books to use and what teaehing methed, but even about what their own professional development Ioukslike.There's a very clear set of standards far what the students need to know and be "able to do at the end of each year and quarter, and we hold people accountable for that end goal. But we give them complete freedom to decide how they're going to achieve it, which is how all professionals are treated. Unfortunately, it's not how most teachers are treated inthis country. Most teachers are treated like factory workers, where there's a hig set ofrules on how they have to do everything.

  What does the curriculum look like at Harlem Village Academy schools?

  E) It looks like a classic liberal-arts curriculum, where math, reading, and writing are not the only subjects taught. Even if the state focuses its testing on those things, we do not let the state dictate our curriculum. We are interested in a rich curriculum that includes art and music and seience and social studies and a wide variety of electives, and character education is integrated throughout.

  How do you address the criticisms people have regarding charter schools?

  F) I'd say that the .main criticisms are stemming from the fact that in a charter system the teachers are not unionized, and they're treated as professionals instead of as manual laborers. The charter movement is challenging the current situation, it's eoming along and saying we used to completely change the underlying premiere ( 前提) of how we go about public education. Parents should be able to choose the scherzi. We should give power to all parents, regardless of socioeonomie level, to choose where they send their child, and that creates market competition: if you have an amazing school with caring teachers and great results, parents are going to ~ant to choose that school. The charter movement is putting the needs of children first anti is holding teachers accountable. It ehalleuges the notion of tenure (终身教职), where there's no accountability at all.

  What's next for you and the Harlem Village Academies?

  G) We are going to triple (增至三倍) in size in the next twn years. We will have a full K -12 system. We're starting two new elementary schools, we will be serving 2,000 children, but we are not eager to grow super-big. We want to use the platform of what we' re learned and the results that we've produced--that ant teachers have produced--to have an ational influence on policy and on teaching methods. The laws that govern how school srun constrain the ability of the printcipal to run the school well. They're not allowed to build a team. And building a team where teachers are trusted, happy and cooperative is really the foundation for an excellent school. So we want to find a way to get our message out nationally and continue to be part of the movement.

  36. In the Harlem Village Academies. teachers can decide themselves how they are going to achieve the teaching objectives.

  37. The charter movement challenges the tenure system in making children's needs apriority and holding, teachers responsible.

  38 The Harlem Village Academies will be able to enroll 2,000 ehildren in the next twoyears

  39. Deborah Kenny admits that she learns a lot from other charter schools.

  40. The curriculum at Harlem Village Academies not only includes the subjects frequentlytested.

  41.The Harlem Village Academies are eager to exert a national influence on policy and teaching methods.

  42. Students entering the Harlem Village Academies are from the regular public system.

  43. Deborah Kenny decides to create and run the Harlem Village Academies because sheis disappointed about the current education system.

  44. Charter schools are mainly criticized for treating the teachers as professionals.

  45. One of the challenges facing the Harlern Village Academies is how to accelerate students' mastery of the basics.


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